Cloning Is A Process By Which Identical Cells Are Produced From Preexisting Cells?

1502 Words Feb 5th, 2016 7 Pages
Cloning is a process by which identical cells are produced from preexisting cells. The two current types of human cloning come in the form of human reproductive cloning and human therapeutic cloning. As with any new technology, both present unique benefits and potential detriments. On July 5th, 1996, Dolly, the first ever cloned sheep, was born through a reproductive cloning method known as somatic cell nuclear transfer or SCNT (Vos). SCNT involves taking an ovum that has had its nucleus removed, injecting a nucleus from a donor, and then developing the cell into a full, genetically identical organism to the donor through a surrogate (Stocum). Therapeutic cloning, on the other hand, involves developing an embryo outside of the womb, or In Vitro, with the goal of collecting stem cells to treat a wide array of diseases (Park). Both therapeutic and reproductive cloning methods involve taking adult human cells and using them for the purpose of cellular reproduction. There are many reasons that involve human rights, religion, and scientific advancements both for and against human reproductive and human therapeutic cloning and one must consider the positives and potential pitfalls of the modern application of the two processes.
There are many reasons why one may feel compelled to utilize human reproductive cloning. One major reason involves infertile couples and their inability to conceive children. Using the genetic material present from both the man and woman, a human embryo…

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