The Effects of Divorce on Children Based on the Application of the Psychological Developmental Theories
This paper looks at the effects of divorce on children based on the application of various psychological developmental theories. More specifically, children within the age groups of 4 to 6 and 7 to 11 will be taken into account. The theories explored and applied will include Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, Erikson’s psychosocial tasks, Bowlby’s attachment theory, Piaget’s cognitive developmental theory, Bandura’s social learning theory and Vygotsky’s, and later Bronfenbrenner’s, ecological or developmental systems approach.
Keywords: divorce, developmental theories, Freud, Erikson, Bowlby, Piaget,
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This behavior could thus foster an environment where other children would not want to socialize or interact with the child thus impairing the development of initiative. Furthermore, children at this stage are becoming more and more curious and thus tend to ask questions which parents going through a divorce may ignore and consider being a nuisance. This can bring on feelings of guilt in the child. Although some guilt is necessary in order to teach a child self control and help them develop a conscience, too much guilt can make the child slow to interact with others and may inhibit creativity (McLeod, 2008). In the latter stage of Erikson’s psychosocial tasks, the child’s task is industry versus inferiority. During this time the child is at a point where their peer group starts to play an important role in their self-esteem. Children feel they need to win approval by displaying certain competencies that are valued by society. It is important for children to receive recognition for their accomplishments so that they will develop confidence in their ability to achieve goals (McLeod, 2008). Once again, parents who are too preoccupied with a divorce may neglect to give their children the attention and recognition that is necessary for them to develop confidence and a feeling of competence and thus they may develop feelings of inferiority. Inadequate,