Essay Embryonic And Adult Stem Cell Research

2018 Words May 12th, 2016 null Page
A cell is the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells. “The essential characteristics of [these] cells are their ability for self-renewal and the ability to form one or more specialised cell types over time” (Carvalho and Ramalho-Santos 596). In other words, they serve as an internal repair system. When a stem cell divides, each new cell can either remain a stem cell or any other type of cell with a normal yet more specialized and enhanced function. These cells have great potential to miraculously treat diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and Alzheimer 's. Further stem cell research can lead to screening new drugs, developing model systems to study normal growth, and identifying the causes of birth defects. There are two types of stem cells: embryonic and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cell research has caused a stir in society, and the question scientists and Roman Catholics ask is if this research should be pursued or if stem cell research should be limited to only adult stem cells. Stem cell research should involve not only adult stem cells, but also embryonic stem cells because these embryos could also save someone’s life. In 1995, Congress restricted embryo research, constricting federal funds for it. In other words, there is no law that bans ESC (embryonic stem cells) research. However, on August 1, 2001, former President George W. Bush announced that federal funds may be used for…

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