The Consequences Of Cloning Technology Essay example
UWW 310 SU16
Consequences of Cloning Technology
In 1996, Scottish scientists at Roslin Institute created the first example of the possibility of human cloning, a sheep named "Dolly.” Dolly, was the first animal to have been successfully cloned from an adult cell. This cloning electrified a worldwide attention and apprehension because of its scientific and ethical implications. Researchers have since caught onto the trend and successfully cloned other animals such as cows, mice, dogs, cats, and rabbits. Cloning is the practice of producing a duplicate of something. In genetics, cloning refers to the development of making an equal copy of DNA. The three different types of cloning are Reproductive cloning, Recombinant DNA technology or DNA cloning, and Therapeutic cloning.
Reproductive cloning is executed for the purpose of constructing a duplicate copy of an organism. It is accomplished by using a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer. Reproductive cloning could be used in a beneficial way to repopulate endangered animals or animals that are difficult to breed. In 2001, the first clone of an endangered wild animal was born, a wild ox called a gaur. Cloning extinct animals gives a much larger challenge to scientists because the egg and the surrogate needed to create the cloned embryo would be of a species different from the clone.
Recombinant DNA technology also known as molecular cloning, and gene cloning, refers to the process of creating…