The Discovery Of The Extinction Of Extinct Species, Or The Resurrection Of Lost Species

1049 Words May 6th, 2015 null Page
As biotechnology continues to advance, a matter that interests both genetic and conservation scientists is the de-extinction of species, or the resurrection of lost species. The idea of Jurassic Park, a 1993 American film where genetic scientists created a wildlife park with cloned dinosaurs, is no longer science fiction. It is becoming an increasingly considered possibility, and with the present-day extinction rate of species higher than ever, scientists have commenced to ponder the prospect of not only conserving current species and ecosystems, but also reintroducing species that have died out in the past. The technological innovations made in the field of biotechnology have made the resurrection of extinct species a viable possibility in the near future, given that DNA samples are available. While de-extinction could offer insights into evolution and natural resources that are currently unavailable, ecological, moral, environmental, and human health concerns make it unethical. De-extinction is coming closer to reality and can be accomplished by one of three means: back breeding, cloning (somatic cell nuclear transfer), or genetic engineering. Somatic cell nuclear transfer is the most common cloning method, due to Jurassic Park and Dolly the sheep. Unfortunately, the possibility of resurrecting a dinosaur is out of the question as a result of some major biological limitations. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the genetic material in organisms, naturally degrades over time…

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