Essay on The Embryonic Stem Cell Research

2451 Words Apr 25th, 2016 null Page
Embryonic Stem Cell is Pertinent to Finding Cures
Diseases, sicknesses, burns, and infections: how can this world ever be cured? It was not until recently in 1998 when a promising cure was discovered, the embryonic stem cell (ESC). According to Christine Watkins in one of her social issues books titled Human Embryo Experimentation, ESC was discovered by both James Thomson at the University of Wisconsin and John Gearhart at the University of Pennsylvania (10). Thomson, a director of regenerative biology, and Gearhart, director of the Institute for Regenerative Medicine, each separately disclosed that they have successfully grown the first human pluripotent stem cell lines. These cell lines contain cells that can divide endlessly and differentiate, otherwise also known as human embryonic stem cells. However, in Stem Cells: Opposing Viewpoints by Jacqueline Langwith, Woo Suk Hwang, a South Korean researcher and a handful of his colleagues have also been given credit as the first to extract human embryonic stem cells from cloned embryos at the Seoul National University in South Korea in 2005 (14). Eventually, Hwang and his colleagues’ findings were found to be completely false and fabricated, leading to mistrust between the scientific community and the public (Langwith 14). However, human embryonic stem cell research throughout the years has helped scientists understand the relationship between the development of tissues and genes.
ESC have led to the creation of some…

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