In Aeschylus’ Agamemnon, as well as, in Shakespeare’s Othello, the audience sees the tragic downfall of the protagonist, which is the question of fate or justice. If one refers to the titles of these plays; Agamemnon and Othello are the protagonists. First Agamemnon thinks more as a king than as a father, when he chooses to kill his daughter to take Troy. Then the general Othello commits suicide having assassinated his wife, whom he loved so much. Indeed, these changes from a good to a bad destiny are respectively the work of two characters: Clytaemnestra, Agamemnon’s wife and Iago, a soldier under Othello’s orders. They represent the “villains” who push “heroes” towards a fate that was not theirs at first, by setting up intelligent
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In addition to this behaviour, he killed his daughter to conquer Troy. In Shakespeare’s play, Othello in the same way to Agamemnon is a good man who proves to be self-confident and highly civilized in spite of his blackness. But unfortunately Othello too, becomes more and more unstable and finally murders his wife, because he was consumed by jealousy. Nevertheless, as everyone knows: there are no “heroes”, tragic or not, without “villains”.
The “villains” represented here by Clytaemnestra and Iago could be described as complex and contrasting characters. On one hand, it is important to wonder about what kind of woman Clytaemnestra is. She is viewed throughout the play as a strong and ambiguous woman. These characteristics are particular because, in her era, it was not very common for a woman to behave like that. It can be explained by the fact that she balances between her role of women and her role of mother. Her love for her husband is transformed into hate after killing their daughter and went away for ten years. On the other hand, the “honest Iago” who displays from the very beginning to the end that he is the “villain”. He is a brilliant, intelligent and also an attractive character, for his abilities of lying, stealing, deceiving and most of all manipulating people. Iago’s perspective on life is purely materialistic. Shakespeare is writing from the position of Iago. Iago is treating life as a game and the other characters in Othello seem to play with him without