Defining Year-Round Education
For decades, the traditional system of schooling has been followed in schools all over the United States. The traditional system uses nine of the twelve months of the year to teach students, and leaves the remaining three to be used as summer vacation for students and teachers. In contrast to the traditional system, year-round education (abbreviated as YRE) is a system that focuses on readjusting the entire year in a way that will lessen the amount of information lost during the traditional three-month long summer vacation and increase the amount of uninterrupted learning by spreading out the summer vacation over the course of twelve months (NAYRE). Year-round education may also be referred to as
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With the start of World War II, the focus on year-round education decreased as the country tried to unify and manage itself during the war. Year-round education did not resurface until the end of the Vietnam War. During the mid-twentieth century, the Korean and Vietnam Wars prevented year-round education from further developing. Then in 1968, Park Elementary School became the first YRE school to open since the second World War. A significant event occurred in 1969; the multiple track (multi-track) schedule first appeared in year round schools. This schedule set the precedent for the modern 45-15 calendar. By the 1970s, there were multi-track calendar programs in many states, including California and Illinois. According to the National Association for Year-Round Education, interest in the year round education program spread all across the United States as indicated by the thirty-three states using year-round schedules in the 1993-1994 school year. In the 1990s, there was a continuous increase in students and states enrolled and using year-round schools. By the end of the decade, there were over 3,000 schools that used year-round programs. Even today there are many schools adopting this new program.
Terms Associated With Year-Round Education
Within the broad year-round program are many different types of schedules and calendars. One type of calendar is the single-track year-round education. With this calendar,