History of Cloning Essay

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Cloning is defined as the different processes for duplicating biological materials such as tissues and new life forms (“Cloning Fact Sheet” 2009). The cloning of human tissue should be allowed because the fields of medicine benefit from it; however, the full cloning of humans is a mockery of life because it creates a population of people who will not evolve or adapt to changes in the environment. Therefore, the government should financially support the research of therapeutic cloning while condemning the act of reproductive human cloning.
There is a major difference between therapeutic and reproductive cloning that sets them apart from one another. Therapeutic cloning is the creation of cloned stem cells in order to produce a genetic
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He started to try and recreate Dreisch’s experiment with the two celled embryo of a salamander instead of using a sea urchin (“Cloning - a short historical timeline” 2010). This experiment was a complete success because both cells grew into normal salamanders with no recognizable defects. Hans Spemman then continued his research many years later in 1928 by attempting to separate a single cell from a sixteen cell embryo of another salamander (“Cloning - a short historical timeline” 2010).
This experiment was another complete success as both of the salamander embryos developed into full salamanders yet again, proving that all that was needed to create a clone was a single cell from a donor. This success led Spemman to think to the future. He believed that a “fantastical experiment” could take place eventually (“History of cloning” 2010). This “fantastical experiment” would be the removing of genetic material from an adult cell and using it to create another adult, according to Spemman (“History of cloning” 2010).
The next great step forward in the history of cloning was made by a team of scientists, lead by Robert Briggs, which created the first true clone. The first true clone, in the sense of the word used today, was a frog. In 1952, Robert Briggs and his men started work that would hopefully bring about Spemman’s fantastical experiment (“Cloning – a short historical timeline” 2010). They started by removing the nucleus of an

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