In Vitro Fertilization Essay

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The Process and Ethics Involving In Vitro Fertilization
On July 25, 1978 the first successful in vitro fertilization baby was born in Kershaw’s Cottage Hospital in Lancashire England. Louise Brown as she was named brought forth a new hope and era for making babies especially for people who had been diagnosed infertile or sterile. This marked the first time that a human offspring had been created outside the body from the union of an egg and a sperm. The people responsible for this medical breakthrough were Dr. Patrick Steptoe and Dr. Robert Edwards whom had been trying to develop a method to conquer infertility. They were successful with Louise Brown and it has paved the way for many couples that cannot produce offspring for medical
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Infertility affects about 4.9 million couples in the United States, or one in every twelve. Approximately one-third of infertility cases can be traced to causes in the female reproductive system. However, a small proportion of infertile women can produce healthy eggs but, they don’t have a normal uterus or they have damaged or diseased fallopian tubes which prevent the egg from passing from the ovary to the uterus (Singer and Wells 15). There are also some other processes of fertility treatments, one of them known as assisted reproductive technology (ART). The best and more commonly used is in vitro fertilization (IVF).
The concept of IVF is simple. Three small cuts are made in the abdomen below the navel, in the first cut a laparocope, in the second a hollow needle just one millimeter in length and through the third forceps. While looking through the laparoscope the forceps are used to find the ovaries and maneuver it into a position to get to the egg, then with the hollow needle the follicle with the egg inside is punctured and the egg is sucked into the needle. After that the egg is stored in a suitable fluid for six more hours to allow it to fully mature. The following step is when the husband or sperm donor masturbates and ejaculates his sperm into a sterile container. The sperm is then separated

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